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اثبات ولایت :: تراث :: بررسی دیدگاه‌های آقای دکتر محسن کدیور

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اثبات ولایت

(644 مجموع کلمات موجود در متن)
(1215 بار مطالعه شده است)  نسخه چاپی

اثبات ولایت
اثر: علی نمازی شاهرودی

کتاب اثبات ولایت در حدود 37 سال پیش تألیف شده و از آثار پر ارج عالم ربّانی، حضرت آیت الله علّامه حاج شیخ علی نمازی شاهرودی هروی است.
علّامه از فقهاء و محدّثین برجسته‌ی عصر حاضر است و از جمله‌ی شاگردان آیت الله میرزا مهدی اصفهانی در مشهد مقدّس به شمار می آید. در عظمت علمی و معنوی ایشان همین قدر کافی است که به گفته‌ی مرحوم آیت الله مرعشی نجفی ایشان"مجلسی عصر حاضر" محسوب می شد.
این کتاب حدوداً 300 صفحه ای در پاسخ به یکی از کتب ضالّه نوشته شده و به انگیزه¬ی دفاع از حریم مقدّس ولایت اهل بیت علیهم السّلام و پاسخ گویی اشکالات منحرفان و برای تبیین و تثبیت مقامات الهی اولیای دین علیهم السّلام تحریر گشته است و موضوع کلّی آن اثبات ولایت تکوینی اهل بیت علیهم السّلام می باشد.
در مقدّمه‌ی کتاب با استفاده از حدیث ثقلین وجوب تمسّک به ثقلین (کتاب و عترت) اثبات می گردد. و سپس نتایج جاصل از حدیث ثقلین بیان می گردد. از جمله "معصوم بودن عترت از خطا و لغزش"
چرا که طبق حدیث ثقلین تمسّک به عترت امان است از گمراهی و ضلالت.پس باید عترت خالی از اشتباه باشد(ص:17)
دیگر نتایجی که بیان شده عبارتست از: افضل بودن عترت،ارجاع امّت به عتر ت،تمام علم قرآن نزد عترت بودن،انحصار راه هدایت به تمسّک به اهل بیت و...
دیگر مباحثی که در مقدّمه بحث شده،وجوب مراجعه‌ی به عترت درتفسیر قرآن و اثبات بطلان کلام "حسبنا کتاب الله"چرا که طبق حدیث ثقلین قرآن و عترت هرگز از یکدیگر جدا نمی شوند.(ص:28)
یکی از مطالبی که در مقدّمه شرح داده شده است مأمور به ظاهر بودن پیامبر و ائمّه علیهم السّلام می باشد.چرا که اگر بنا باشد پیامبر به علم مقام رسالت خود با مردم معاشرت فرمایند و با هر کس مطابق باطن و آینده‌ی او رفتار نمایند باید اکثریّت افراد امّت را از خویش رد نمایند.
در مسجد خودشان اکثر افراد را راه ندهند،جمعی را آشکار لعنت کند و... و در این صورت واضح است که اسلام پیشرفت نمی کرد و به صلاح دین خدا نیست مگر گاهی اوقات که به جهت آوردن معجزه برای هدایت خلق باشد.(ص:49)
بعد از مقدّمه،بخش اوّل کتاب با عنوان "اثبات ولایت تکوینی پیغمبر اکرم و ائمّه‌ی هدی علیهم السّلام"قرار دارد.
ابتدای این فصل معنای لغوی "مُلک " و تفسیر آیاتی که این لفظ در آنها آمده است و"مُلک یعنی سلطنت و تمکّن از تصرّف در امور عباد بلاد(ص:61) "بیان افرادی که خداوند به آنها مُلک مرحمت فرموده مانند حضرت یوسف و طالوت و داوود وسلیمان علی نبیّنا و آله علیه و علیهم السّلام مورد بحث قرار می گیرد
در این فصل بیا شده که"لفظ مُلک در آیه‌ی شریفه‌ی مربوط به سلیمان علیه السّلام موصوف به عظیم نشده در حالی که در تفسیر آیه‌ی "و آتیناهم مُلکاً عظیماً"مطرح شده که این مُلک مربوط به پیامبر اکرم و ائمّه هدی علیهم السّلام است و بنابراین مُلک اهل بیت و ولایت تکوینی ایشان بزرگتر سلیمان نبی می‌باشد.(ص:69)
به همین گونه ولایت تکوینی اهل بیت علیهم السّلام بسط و شرح داده شده است و پس از آن به ولایت ائمّه هدی علیهم السّلام بر تمامی کائنات و اطاعت تمامی جمادات و نباتات و حیوانات از ائمّه‌ی هدی علیهم السّلام اشاره شده است.در بخش دوم کتاب یعنی «پاسخ به شبهات» 1) آیات 2) روایات 3) دلایل عقلی که برای نفی ولایت تکوینی به آن‌ها استدلال شده، بررسی شده و وجوب داده شده است.
مانند آیه‌ی «قل انی لااملک لکم ضرَاً و لارشداً ... (جن 21-23)، قسمتی از دعای جوشن کبیر: «یا من لایعلم الغیب الَا هو» و ...
در خاتمه‌ی کتاب نیز به چند سوال پاسخ داده شده است از جمله آن که:
آیا حاجت خواستن از غیر خدا جایز است؟ - حدیث «لولاک لما خلقت الافلاک» صحیح است؟ در پایان نیز کلمات فقها در تایید ولایت تکوینی پیامبر اکرم و ائمه هدی علیهم السلام آورده شده است.



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